The Purpose and Types of US Patents

As founder of Soma Labs, Inc., John Botzolakis, PhD, has established a successful career of some three decades in the pharmaceutical and nutrition industries. Dr. John Botzolakis is the holder of three patents related to pharmaceutical production.

A patent, issued by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO), grants property rights to an inventor for 20 years from the time an application is filed. Issuance of a patent restricts others from making, using, offering for sale, or importing the invention.

The USPTO offers three types of patents. A utility patent protects the invention of new processes and machines as well as articles of manufacture. The composition of matter and new and useful improvements qualify for that kind of patent. A design patent, which has a shorter term than that or an invention, grants property right of original and ornamental design of an item to be manufactured. Finally, a plant paten protects the invention or asexual reproduction of a distinct plant variety.


The Purpose of Enteric Coating

New Jersey resident John Botzolakis holds a master’s degree in pharmaceutical sciences and a doctor of philosophy in industrial-physical pharmacy from the University of Maryland, Baltimore. John Botzolakis leverages his education and more than 30 years of experience in the pharmaceutical and nutrition sectors to lead Soma Labs, a developer and manufacturer of nutritional products.

One of the products available through Soma Labs is enteric coated tablets and capsules, which are oral medications or supplements coated with a polymer that minimizes dissolution as the tablet travels through the body to the small intestine. Without enteric coating, the product can prematurely dissolve in the stomach, causing irritation, instability of the active components and/or lower absorption.

Because enteric coating is made to withstand acidic environments and break down only in non-acidic, or alkaline conditions, a tablet or capsule should always be taken whole to maintain efficacy. Crushing the product is not recommended, as it can reduce the strength of a product. Enteric coating is often used in aspirin as well as arthritis medications. In addition, it is used in certain nutritional supplements, such as fish oil, to ease consumption and eliminate aftertaste.